These are small parasitic insects that live under larger animals’ fur or hair, laying eggs and feeding on their skin. They move and spread between animals when they come into close contact with each other.
What Do Lice Do?
Animals affected by lice will experience extreme itching. It can sometimes be so severe that they rub themselves raw.
How to Get Rid of Lice
Controlling lice can be challenging especially when multiple animals are kept in the same area. But it should be done as soon as possible to prevent any sores caused by intense itching.
Most types of lice can be killed with licensed products; however, clipping and bathing animals can be an effective alternative to chemicals.
As the name suggests, lungworm is a parasite that affects the lungs in donkeys and other equines. It is a more common parasite on wet grazing ground. Ingested larvae penetrate the intestine wall and migrate to the lungs, where they develop into adults. Lungworms mature within 2-3 months, growing up to 8cm.
What Do Lungworms Do?
When present in animals, lungworm can cause breathing difficulties and loss of appetite, while more severe infections can also block airways, resulting in a fatality.
How to Get Rid of Lungworm
Lungworm larvae can live in the ground for a considerable amount of time, so pasture management such as poo-picking and cross-grazing can both help reduce the spread and infection.