When drought, conflict or natural disaster threaten, those with fewest reserves on which to fall back – the poorest and most vulnerable in society – tend to suffer most.
Across much of the developing world, the most marginalised are also those most likely to depend on animals for their survival. As much of Africa once more faces drought and extremes of climate, it is pastoralist communities who are again most threatened.
In many of the areas where SPANA works, it has long been recognised that the mass death of animals is often a precursor to humanitarian tragedy. By protecting working animals and livestock we ensure stronger, more secure communities.
During 2017, SPANA fed almost 7,837 animals in Afar, Ethiopia, benefitting 1,149 pastoralists affected by drought. By planting 15 hectares of drought resistant grass, we also left behind a legacy of hope for the future.
Towards the end of 2017, we turned our attention further south, across the
border into Kenya. Here, in Turkana county, we are working to save animals
and communities facing the worst drought in decades.
Focus: Digging deeper for Turkana
Far from Nairobi, in the isolated and arid deserts of northern Kenya, a largely ignored crisis has been unfolding that has already killed countless thousands of animals and threatens the lives of many more.
After several years of poor or failed rains, drought-ravaged Turkana is in a state of emergency. Shallow wells, rivers and sand dams are now dry and even the camels, so perfectly adapted to life in this extreme landscape, are dying.
The nomadic pastoralist communities of Turkana depend on their donkeys, camels and livestock for survival. Accompanied by large herds of animals, whole communities are now on the move in search of water, desperately digging with their hands in the dried-up river beds. Here, the fates of animals and people are inseparable. Animals are dying and the lives of the
nomads hang in the balance.
Most shallow water sources are now either completely dry or saline – but boreholes, deep enough to reach the water table, are still operational. Although few and far between, these deep boreholes are a lifeline for the local communities and their animals. But they are now under considerable pressure and serve almost double the numbers for which they were designed.
With your help, SPANA is working with a local partner on the construction of a new solar-powered borehole in Turkana, which will provide fresh, clean water for 7,200 dehydrated animals and almost 4,000 people.
Solar-powered technology will ensure our environmentally sustainable and low maintenance borehole will save lives and ease suffering for many years.
With your support, we will also train a local community water management committee to maintain and manage the water point, protecting animals for
generations in this drought-prone, desert environment.
Ethiopia Emergency 2016
Following the most severe drought in Ethiopia in over 50 years, last year SPANA undertook an emergency feeding programme in Afar, one of the worst hit regions. Local people in Afar are mostly pastoralists who rely entirely on livestock for their livestock and for produce such as milk.
In total, SPANA fed 7837 livestock and working animals belonging to the poorest families over a four month period, distributing more than 150 tonnes of feed.
SPANA also put in place longer term measures to assist people and their animals in the region long after the end of the drought. The charity planted 10 hectares of drought-resistant grasses to provide an ongoing, local food supply for livestock.
During the emergency, SPANA highlighted the lack of attention being given by the international community to tackling livestock deaths. Many of the most vulnerable people in Ethiopia depend on livestock for both economic and food security. SPANA warned that the failure to learn from the mistakes of the past and to take action to protect existing herds could lead to a complete collapse in livestock numbers, preempting a devastating humanitarian crisis across the country.
Egypt Emergency Feeding 2014
In 2014, the collapse in Egyptian tourism following years of political unrest had a devastating impact on animals working in the tourism industry, close to the Giza Pyramids. During the year SPANA worked with Egyptian charity ESAF, providing emergency feed to hundreds of malnourished carriage horses.
Crisis in Mbera 2012
In Mauritania, SPANA worked to save the lives of animals caught up in civil war and drought as tens of thousands of pastoralists crossed the Mali border to a large refugee camp in Mbera. SPANA was the only organisation providing support to the animals in the camps, vital for the long term survival of people, communities and animals.
Drought in Kenya 2011
SPANA funded feeding programmes in the far north east of Kenya, just a few miles from both the Somali and Ethiopian borders. It was the very epicentre of the crisis, with poor and dispossessed refugees arriving every day. Many were nomadic pastoralists: people who depend totally on livestock and working animals for transport, trade, milk – everything. When they lost their animals, they had no choice but to try and reach a refugee camp. With their animals gone, these people had no way to sustain themselves and became trapped in the camps, reliant on food aid. SPANA worked to prevent that. By providing fodder, veterinary help and vaccinations to working animals and livestock in terrible need. We helped families retain their independent livelihood and secured the long-term future for animals across the region.