How to treat tetanus
Unfortunately, once it takes hold, deadly toxins produced by the infection attack the infected animal’s nervous system. This often results in a fatality. However, if diagnosed early, vets may be able to provide treatment aimed at killing the bacteria.
Because of this, it is usually easier to prevent tetanus with vaccinations than trying to treat it. Initial vaccines are generally administered via two injections, followed by an annual booster, which ensures animals are well protected throughout their lives.
Although foals are usually vaccinated from five to six months, they are born with some protection passed on from their mother’s milk if a mare has been vaccinated. This means it’s crucial to ensure pregnant mares are up to date with their vaccinations before giving birth.
Good first aid care can help prevent the risk of tetanus too. Wounds should be cleaned and wrapped as soon as they occur to minimise infection. It’s advised to also regularly check for puncture wounds in animals’ feet where animals may have stepped on something, such as a rusty nail, and can walk through contaminated soil. Similarly, reducing the risk of injury as much as possible can help.
Suppose an animal does suffer from a wound, and you are unsure whether their tetanus vaccines are up to date? In that case, it is vital to seek advice from a veterinarian as soon as possible. Once the symptoms listed above are being demonstrated, it is often challenging to treat tetanus in animals.